At this point the routers have knowledge about their own directly connected networks and about the connected networks of their immediate neighbors. Continuing the journey toward convergence, the routers exchange the next round of periodic updates. Each router again checks the updates for new information.

Refer to the figure for a topology setup between three routers, R1, R2, and R3. After initial discovery is complete, each router continues the convergence process by sending and receiving the following updates.




Click Play in the figure to view an animation of R1, R2, and R3 sending the latest routing table to their neighbors.

Distance vector routing protocols typically implement a routing loop prevention technique known as split horizon. Split horizon prevents information from being sent out the same interface from which it was received. For example, R2 does not send an update containing the network out of Serial 0/0/0, because R2 learned about network through Serial 0/0/0.

After routers within a network have converged, the router can then use the information within the route table to determine the best path to reach a destination. Different routing protocols have different ways of calculating the best path.